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2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷).docx

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2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷).docx

2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷)
英 语
本试卷分第I卷和第II卷两部分,共12页,满分150分。考试用时120分钟。考试结束后,将本试卷降答题卡一并交回。
注意事项:
答题前,考生务必用0.5毫米黑色签字笔将自己的姓名、座号、考生号、县区和科类填写在答题卡和试卷规定的位置上。
第I卷每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选 涂其他答案标号。
第II卷必须用0.5毫米黑色签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡上各题目指定区域内相应的位置,不能写在试卷上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不能使用涂改液】胶带纸、修正带。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
第I卷(共105分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
该部分分为第一、第二两节。注意:回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束时,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15 B. £ 9.18 C. £9.15
答案是C。
1. What does the man want to do?
A. Take photos B. Buy a camera C. Help the woman
2. What are the speakers talking about?
A. A noisy nightB. Their life in townC. A place of living
3. Where is the man now?
A. on his way B. In a restaurant C. At home
4. What will Celia do?
A. find a playerB. Watch a game C. Play basketball
5. What day is it when the conversation takes place?
A. Saturday B. Sunday C. Monday
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6至7两个小题。
6. What is Sara going to do?
A. Buy John a giftB. Invite John to France C. Give John a surprise
7. What does the man think of Sara’s plan?
A. FunnyB. Exciting C. Strange
听下面一段圣诞,回答第8和第9两个小题
8. Why does Diana say sorry to Peter?
A. She has to give up her travel plan.
B. She wants to visit another city
C. She needs to put off her test.
9. What does Diana want Peter to do?
A. Help her with her study.
B. Take a book to her friend
C. Teach a geography lesson.
听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。
10. Why does the man call the woman?
A. To tell her about her new job.
B. To ask about her job program
C. To plan a meeting with her.
11. Who needs a new flat?
A. AlexB. Andrea C. Miranda
12. Where is the woman now?
A. In Baltimore B. In New YorkC. In Avon
听下面一段对话,回答第13至16四个小题。
13. What does Jan consider most important when he judges a restaurant?
A. Where the restaurant is
B. Whether the prices are low
C. How well the food is prepared
14. When did Jan begin to write for a magazine?
A. After he came back to Sweden
B. Before he went to the United States
C. As soon as he got his first job in 1982
15. What may Jan do to find a good restaurant?
A. Talk to people in the street
B. Speak to taxi drivers
C. Ask hotel clerks
16. What do we know about Jan?
A. He cooks for a restaurant
B. He travels a lot for his work
C. He prefers American food.
听下面一段独白,回答第17至20四个小题。
17. What do we know about the Plaza Leon?
A. It’s a new buildingB. It’s a small town C. It’s a public place
18. When do parents and children like going to the Plaza Leon?
A. Saturday nights B. Sunday afternoonC. Fridays and Saturdays
19. Which street is known for its food shops and markets?
A. Via Del Mar Street
B. Fernando Street
C. Hernandes Street
20. Why does the speaker like Horatio Street best?
A. It has an old stone surface
B. It is named after a writer
C. It has a famous university
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. I’ve lived in New York and Chicago, but don’t like ____ of them very much.
A. eitherB. any C. each D. another
22. It was ______ cold winter night and the moon was shining brightly across ____ night sky.
A. 不填;a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; 不填
23. — How far can you run without stopping?
— ________. I’ve never tried.
A. Don’t mention it B. That’s all right
C. I have no ideaD. Go ahead
24. I didn’t think I’d like the movie, but actually it _____ pretty good.
A. has been B. was C. had been D. would be
25. The room is empty except for a bookshelf _____ in one corner.
A. standing B. to stand C. standsD. stood
26. Mark needs to learn Chinese _______ his company is opening a branch in Beijing.
A. unlessB. until C. althoughD. since
27. — Oh no! We’re too late. The train _______.
— That’s Ok. We’ll catch the next train to London.
A. was leavingB. had left C. has left D. has been leaving
28. _________I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start.
A. WhateverB. WheneverC. Whoever D. However
29. I stopped the car ____ a short break as I was feeling tired.
A. takeB. taking C. to take D. taken
30. It’s good to know _____ the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away.
A. what B. whoseC. which D. that
31. There is no simple answer, _____ is often the case in science.
A. asB. that C. when D. where
32. — This is a really lively party. There’s a great atmosphere, isn’t there?
— ________ The hosts know how to host a party.
A. Don't worryB. Yes, indeedC. No, there’s isn’t D. It all depends
33. ________ at the cafeteria before, Tina didn’t want to eat there again.
A. Having eaten B. To eat C. Eat D. Eating
34. The Smiths are praised _______ the way they bring up their children.
A. from B. by C. at D. for
35. Finally he reached a lonely island _________ was completely cut off from the outside world.
A. whenB. whereC. which D. whom
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡将该项涂黑。
I used to be a very self-centered person, but in the past two years I have really changed. I have started to think about other people 36 I think about myself. I am happy that I am becoming a 37 person.
I think my 38 started when I was at Palomar College. At first, I just wanted to get my 39 and be left alone. I thought I was smarter than everyone else, so I hardly ever 40 to anyone in my classes. By the end of my first semester, I was really 41 . It seemed as if everyone but me had made friends and was having fun. So tried a(n) 42 . I started asking people around me how they were doing, and if they were having trouble I 43 to help. That was really a big 44 for me. By the end of the year, I had several new friends, and two of 45 are still my best friends today.
A bigger cause of my new 46 , however, came when I took a part-time job at a Vista Nursing Home. One old lady there who had Alzheimer’s disease became my 47 . Every time I came into her room, she was so 48 because she thought I was her daughter. Her real daughter never 49 her, so I took her place. She let me 50 . that making others feel good make me feel good, too, when she died, I was 51 , but I was very grateful to her.
I think I am a much 52 person today than I used to be, and I hope I will not 53 these experiences. They have 54 me to care about other people more than about myself. I 55 who I am today, and I could not say that a few years ago.
36. A. since B. before C. or D. unless
37. A. famousB. simpleC. different D. skilled
38. A. education B. careerC. tourD. change
39. A. balanceC. homeworkC. degreeD. interest
40. A. talked B. wrote C. lied D. reported
41. A. carefulB. lonelyC. curiousD. guilty
42. A. argument B. game C. experiment D. defence
43. A. dared B. offered C. hesitated D. happened
44. A. dream B. problemC. duty D. step
45. A. usB. which C. them D. whom
46. A. attitude B. hobbyC. hope D. luck
47. A. friendB. partnerC. guide D. guest
48. A. politeB. happy C. strange D. confident
49. A. bothered B. answered C. visited D. trusted
50. A. explainB. guessC. declareD. see
51. A. homelessB. heartbrokenC. bad-tempered D. hopeless
52. A. quieterB. busier C. better D. richer
53. A. forget B. faceC. improve D. analyze
54. A. forced B. preferred C. ordered D. taught
55. A. missB. like C. wonder D. expect
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分 40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Jimmy is an automotive mechanic, but he lost his job a few months ago. He has good heart, but always feared applying for a new job.
One day, he gathered up all his strength and decided to attend a job interview. His appointment was at 10 am and it was already 8:30. While waiting for a bus to the office where he was supposed ot be interviewed, he saw an elderly man wildly kicking the tyre of his car. Obviously there was something wrong with the car. Jimmy immediately went up to lend him a hand. When Jimmy finished working on the car, the old man asked him how much he should pay for the service. Jimmy said there was no need to pay him; he just helped someone in need, and he had to rush for an interview. Then the old man said, “Well, I could take you to the office for your interview. It’s the least I could do. Please. I insist.” Jimmy agreed.
Upon arrival, Jimmy found a long line of applications waiting to be interviewed. Jimmy still had some grease on him after the car repair, but he did not have much time to wash it off or have a change of shirt. One by one, the applicants left the interviewer’s office with disappointed look on their faces. Finally his name was called. The interviewer was sitting on a large chair facing the office window. Rocking the chair back and forth, he asked, “Do you really need to be interviewed?” Jimmy’s heart sank. “With the way I look now, how could I possibly pass this interview?” he thought to himself.
Then the interviewer turned the chair and to Jimmy’s surprise, it was the old man he helped earlier in the morning. It turned out he was the General Manager of the company.
“Sorry I had to keep you waiting, but I was pretty sure I made the right decision to have you as part of our workforce before you even stepped into the office. I just know you’d be a trustworthy worker. Congratulations!” Jimmy sat down and they shared a cup of well-deserved coffee as he landed himself a new job.
56. Why did Jimmy apply for a new job?
A. He was out of work B. He was bored with his job
C. He wanted a higher positionD. He hoped to find a better boss
57. What did Jimmy see on the way to the interview?
A. A friend’s car had a flat tyreB. a wild man was pushing a car
C. a terrible accident happened D. an old man’s car broke down
58. Why did the old man offer Jimmy a ride?
A. He was also to be interviewed B. He needed a traveling companion
C. He always helped people in needD. He was thankful to Jimmy
59. How did Jimmy feel on hearing the interviewer’s question?
A. He was sorry for the other applicants
B. There was no hope for him to get the job
C. He regretted helping the old man
D. The interviewer was very rude
60. A. What can we learn from Jimmy’s experience?
A. Where there is a will, there’s a way
B. A friend in need is a friend indeed
C. Good is rewarded with good.
D. Two heads are better than one
B
George Gershwin, born in 1998, was one of America’s greatest composers. He published his first song when the was eighteen years old. During the next twenty years he wrote more than five hundred songs.
Many of Gershwin’s songs were first written for musical plays performed in theatres in New York City. These palys were a popular form of entertainment in the 1920s and 1930s. Many of his songs have remained popular as ever. Over the years they have been sung and played in every possible way — from jazz to country.
In the 1920s there was a debate in the United States about jazz music. Could jazz, some people asked, be considered serious music? In 1924 jazz musician and orchestra leader Paul Whiteman decided to organize a special concert to show that jazz was serious music. Gershwin agreed to compose something for the concert before he realized he had just a few weeks to do it. And in that short time, he composed a piece for piano and orchestra which he called Rhapsody in Blue. Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert. The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. It made him world-famous and showed that jazz music could be both serious and popular.
In 1928, Gershwin went to Paris. He applied to study composition (作曲)with the well-known musician Nadia Boulanger, but she rejected him. She was afraid that classical study would ruin his jazz-influenced style. While there, Gershwin wrote An American in Paris. When it was first performed, critics (评论家)were divided over the music. Some called it happy and full of life, to others it was silly and boring. But it quickly became popular in Europe and the United States. It sill remains one of his most famous works.
George Gershwin died in 1937, just days after doctors learned he had brain cancer. He was only thirty-nine years old. Newspapers all over the world reported his death on their front pages. People mourned the loss of the man and all the music he might have still written.
61. Many of Gershwin’s musical works were ________ .
A. written about New Yorkers B. Composed for Paul Whiteman
C. played mainly in the countrysideD. performed in various ways
62. What do we know about the concert organized by Whiteman?
A. It attracted more people to theatresB. It proved jazz could be serious music
C. It made Gershwin leader of the orchestra D. It caused a debate among jazz musicians.
63. What did Gershwin do during his stay in Paris?
A. He created one of his best works B. He studied with Nadia Boulanger
C. He argued with French critics D. He changed his music style
64. What do we learn from the last paragraph?
A. Many of Gershwin’s works were lost
B. The death of Gershwin was widely reported
C. A concert was held in memory of Gershwin
D. Brain cancer research started after Gershwin’s death.
65. Which of the following best describes Gershwin?
A. Talented and productiveB. Serious and boring
C. popular and unhappy D. Friendly and honest
C
You can’t always predict a heavy rain or remember your umbrella. But designer Mikhail Belvacv doesn’t think that forgetting to check the weather forecast before heading out should result in you getting wet. That’s why he created lampbrella, a lamp post with its own rain sensing umbrella.
The designer says he come up with the idea after watching people get wet on streets in Russia. “once, I was driving on a central Saint Petersburg street ad saw the street lamps lighting up people trying to hide from the rain. I thought it would be appropriate to have a canopy(伞蓬)built into a street lamp.” he said.
The lampbrella is a standard-looking street lamp fitted with an umbrella canopy. It has a built-in electric motor which can open or close the umbrella on demand. Sensors(传感器)then ensure that the umbrella offers pedestrians shelter whenever it starts raining.
In addition to the rain sensor, there’s also a 360°motion sensor on the biberglass street lamp which detects whether anyone’s using the lampbrella. After three minutes of not being used the canopy is closed.
According to the designer, the lampbrella would move at a relatively low speed, so as not to cause harm to the pedestrians. Besides, it would be grounded to protect from possible lighting strike. Each lampbrella would offer enough shelter for several people. Being installed at 2 meters off the ground, it would only be a danger for the tallest of pedestrians.
While there are no plans to take lampbrella into production, Belyacv says he recently introduced his creation one Moscow Department, and insists this creation could be installed on my street where a lot of people walk but there are no canopies to provide shelter.
66. For what purpose did Belyacv create the lampbrella?
A. To predict a heavy rain B. To check the weather forecast
C. To protect people from the rain D. To remind people to take an umbrella
67. What do we know from Belyacv’s worlds in Paragraph2?
A. His creation was inspired by an experience
B. it rains a lot in the city of Saint Petersburg
C. Street lamps are protected by canopies
D. He enjoyed taking walks in the rain
68. Which of the following show how the lampbrella works?
A. motor→canopy→sensors B. Sensors→motor→canopy
C. motor→sensors→canopyD. canopy→motor→sensors
69. What does paragraph 5 mainly tell us about the lampbrella?
A. Its moving speed B. Its appearance
C. Its installation D. Its safety
70. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A. The designer will open a company to promote his product
B. The lampbrella could be put into immediate production
C. The designer is confident that his creation is practical
D. The lampbrella would be put on show in Moscow
D
Sparrow is a fast-food chain with 200 restaurants. Some years ago, the group to which Sparrow belonged was taken over by another company. Although Sparrow showed no sign of declining, the chain was generally in an unhealthy state. With more and more fast-food concepts reaching the market, the Sparrow menu had to struggle for attention. And to make matters worse, its new owner had no plans to give it the funds it required.
Sparrow failed to grow for another two years. Until a new CEO, Carl Pearson, decided to build up its market share. He did a survey, which showed that consumers who already used Sparrow restaurants were extremely positive about the chain, while customers of other fast-food chains were unwilling to turn away from them. Sparrow had to develop a new promotional campaign.
Pearson faced a battle over the future of the Sparrow brand. The chain’s owner now favored rebranding Sparrow as Marcy’s restaurants. Pearson resisted, arguing for an advertising campaign designed to convince customers that visits to Sparrow restaurants were fun. Such an attempt to establish a positive relationship between a company and the general public was unusual for that time. Pearson strongly believed that numbers were the key to success, rather than customers’ speeding power. Finally, the owner accepted his idea.
The campaign itself changed the traditional advertising style of the fast-food industry. The TV ads of Sparrow focused on entertainment and featured original sons performed by a variety of stars. Instead of showing the superiority of a specific product, the intension was to put Sparrow in the hearts of potential customers.
Pearson also made other decisions which he believed would contribute to the new Sparrow image. For example, he offered to lower the rent of any restaurants which achieved a certain increase in their turnover. (营业额)
These efforts paid off, and Sparrow soon became one of the most successful fast-food chains in the regions where it operated.
71. Which was one of the problems Sparrow faced before Pearson became CEO?
A. The number of its customers was declining
B. Its customers found the food unhealthy
C. It was in need of financial support
D. Most of its restaurants were closed
72. What does the underlined word “them” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Customers of Sparrow restaurants B. Sparrow restaurants
C. Customers of other fast-food chainsD. other fast-food chains
73. For what purpose did Pearson start the advertising campaign?
A. To build a good relationship with the public
B. To stress the unusual tradition of Sparrow
C. To lean about customers; spending power.
D. To meet the challenge from Marcy’s restaurants.
74. The TV ads of Sparrow ________ .
A. changed people’s views on pop stars
B. amused the public with original songs
C. focused on the superiority of its products
D. influenced the eating habits of the audience
75. What was Pearson’s achievement as a CEO?
A. He managed to pay off Sparrow’s debts.
B. He made Sparrow much more competitive
C. He helped Sparrow take over a company
D. He