2018版高中英语(人教版)必修4同步练习题:Unit 2 学业分层测评5.doc

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2018版高中英语(人教版)必修4同步练习题:Unit 2 学业分层测评5.doc
1.When asked to make some comments ________ the mine accident,the mayor of the city said much remained to be looked into before the whole thing was reported to the public.
2.All her energies are ________(focus)upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else.
3.Practising Chinese kungfu can not only build ________ one's strength,but also develop one's character.
4.We've always regretted________(sell)the farm.
5.Kitty,take your umbrella.It can keep your skin free ________ being burnt.
6.The ________(produce) of consumer goods has increased throughout the world.
7.Her poor English often led ________ misunderstanding when she first went to England many years ago.
8.So,in ________(summarize),we've got to try to get further funding.
9.Does the virus cause damage ________ the system?
10.A lot of poisonous waste from the ________ (chemistry) works polluted the river.
【答案】 1.on 2.focused 3.up 4.selling/having sold 5.from/of 6.production 7.to 8.summary 9.to 10.chemical
1.那种颜色的电视价格已经被降到了1 000元。
The price of that type of colour TV ________________.
He ________________ all day.
You'd better keep this area ________________.
He left,________________ all the rest work.
________________ is very important,especially on such particular days.
【答案】 1.has been reduced to 1,000 yuan 2.has been watching television 3.free of pollution 4.leaving me to do 5.Focusing on your study
LONDON (Reuters)—Organic (有机的) fruit,delivered right to the doorstep.That is what Gabriel Gold prefers,and he is willing to pay for it.If this is not possible, the 26yearold computer technician will spend the extra money at the supermarket buying organic food.
“Organic produce is always better,” Gold said.“The food is free of pesticides (农药),and you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms.And more often than not it is locally grown and seasonal,so it is more tasty.” Gold is one of a growing number of shoppers buying into the_organic_trend,and supermarkets across Britain are counting on more like him as they grow their organic food business.But how many shoppers really know what they are getting,and why are they willing to pay a higher price for organic produce? Market research shows that Gold and others who buy organic food can generally give clear reasons for their preferences—but their knowledge of organic food is far from complete.For example,small amounts of pesticides can be used on organic products.And about three quarters of organic food in Britain is not local but imported to meet growing demand.“The demand for organic food is increasing by about one third every year,so it is a very fastgrowing market,”said Sue Flock,a specialist in this line of business.
【语篇解读】 本文为一篇新闻报道。主要介绍了伦敦有机食品的需求量上升,使有机食品市场成为快速增长的市场。
1.More and more people in Britain are buying organic food because ________.
A.they are getting richer
B.they can get the food anywhere
C.they consider the food free of pollution
D.they like homegrown fruit
【解析】 细节理解题。由文章第一段信息Organic(有机的)fruit,delivered right to the doorstep.That is what Gabriel Gold prefers和第二段信息you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms和Gold is one of a growing number of shoppers buying into the organic trend可知D项正确。
【答案】 D
2.According to the text,most organic produce sold in Britain________.
A.grows indoors all year round
B.is produced outside Britain
C.is grown on family farms
D.is produced on large farms
【解析】 细节理解题。由文章第二段Gold所说的话The food is free of pesticides(农药),and you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms.And more often than not it is locally grown and seasonal,so it is more tasty.可知C项正确。
【答案】 C
3.The underlined words“the organic trend” in the text probably mean “________”.
A.growing interest in organic food
B.better qualities of organic food
C.rising market for organic food
D.higher prices of organic food
【解析】 词义猜测题。由短文最后一句可以看出,由于人们对organic food越来越感兴趣,其需求量越来越大。
【答案】 A
4.What is the best title for this news story?
A.Organic Food—Healthy,or Just for the Wealthy?
B.The Making of Organic Food in Britain
C.Organic Food—to Import or Not
D.Good Qualities of Organic Food
【解析】 主旨大意题。有机食品的需求量上升,使有机食品市场成为快速增长的市场。所以,“Organic Food—Healthy,or Just for the Wealthy?”是比较恰当的题目。
【答案】 A
According to a new study,putting preschoolers(学龄前儿童) in bed by 8 p.m.could reduce their chances of becoming overweight or obese later in life by half.Preschoolers are children around the age of 4 or 5.
The World Health Organization says obesity can lead to serious longterm health problems like diabetes,heart disease and stroke.
Researchers from the Ohio State University's College of Public Health have found that young children who go to bed after 9 p.m.are twice as likely to be obese later in life.The researchers wrote their findings in The Journal of Pediatrics.
The lead author of the study is Sarah Anderson.She is an associate professor of epidemiology(流行病学).Anderson says that,for parents,the results of the study support the importance of creating a bedtime routine.
She says that having a usual bedtime routine is something “families can do to lower their children's risk” of becoming overweight.
Researchers used data from 977 children for the study.These children are part of a larger project called the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development.The project follows healthy babies born in 1991 in 10 cities in US.
When these children turned 15 years old,the researchers looked at their rates of obesity.Of those with the earliest bedtimes,only one out of 10 was obese.Of those who went to bed between 8 and 9 p.m.,16 percent became obese.And out of those with the latest bedtimes,23 percent became obese.
The World Health Organization reported in 2014 that the number of overweight babies and young children worldwide had increased from 31 million in 1990 to 44 million in 2012.If that trend continues,the WHO warns,there will be 70 million obese children in the world by 2025.
5.According to the passage,the risk of obesity________.
A.can be cut by half if children go to bed by 9 p.m.
B.can lead to low blood pressure,diabetes and heart disease
C.is the highest at the age of 4 or 5
D.is higher for those children who sleep late at night
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“According to a new study,putting preschoolers in bed by 8 p.m.could reduce their chances of becoming overweight or obese later in life by half.”(根据一项新研究,在晚上八点前睡觉,能减少学龄前儿童变得超重的机会或者减少他们后期成为肥胖的一半的几率。)可推断出,那些晚睡的孩子更有可能变得肥胖。故选D。
【答案】 D
6.The underlined word “obese” in the first paragraph means ________.
A.heavy       B.light
【解析】 词义猜测题。根据所在句意及其前的overweight(超重)可知,此处应指“肥胖”。故选C。
【答案】 C
7.Which of the following statements is TRUE about the research?
A.The research is organized by the World Health Organization.
B.The result shows that children sleeping before 8 p.m.have the lowest rate of obesity.
C.The findings are based on the data provided by The Journal of Pediatrics.
D.The research is funded(提供资金) by the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development.
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“According to a new study,putting preschoolers in bed by 8 p.m.could reduce their chances of becoming overweight or obese later in life by half.”(根据一项新研究,在晚上八点前睡觉,能减少学龄前儿童变得超重的机会或者减少他们后期成为肥胖的一半的几率。)可知,八点之前睡觉的孩子变得肥胖的几率最低。根据第三段中的“Researchers from the Ohio State University's College of Public Health”可知,这项研究不是世界卫生组织主办的;根据第六段中的“Researchers used data from 977 children for the study.”可知,研究数据来自于977名儿童,并非来自于《儿童科学杂志》(The Journal of Pediatrics);全文并没有提及研究资金的来源问题。故选B。
【答案】 B
8.What is the author's attitude towards the result of the research?
【解析】 推理判断题。通读全文可知,本文介绍了关于早睡能有效减少儿童肥胖风险的研究,作者客观介绍了研究结果及过程,没有发表自己的观点。objective客观的。故选A。
【答案】 A
Ⅳ.阅读填句 【导学号:10642030】
What you do each morning affects your entire day.The choices that we repeatedly make determine the life we live.__1__
·Manage your energy,not your time.
If you think about it,you'll probably realize that you are better at doing certain tasks at certain times.For example, my creative energy is highest in the morning,so that's when I do my writing each day.However,I spend my afternoons on phone calls,and emails,which don't need my creative energy to be high.__2__ What task is that energy best suited for?
·Prepare the night before.
It is really necessary to spend a few minutes each night organizing your todo list for tomorrow.When I do it,I'll outline the article I'm going to write the next day and develop a short list of the most important items for me to do.__3__
Sounds simple,yet nobody does it.It took me a while to get over the urge(渴望) to open my inbox,but finally I realized that everything can wait a few hours.Nobody is going to email you about a true emergency (a death in the family,etc.),so leave your email alone for the first few hours of each day.
·Turn your phone off.
This reduces the urge to check text messages.This simple method reduces the possibility that you waste time on meaningless tasks.
You've got 25,000 mornings.__5__
A.Don't open email until noon.
B.What will you do with each one?
C.Leave your phone in another room.
D.What type of energy do you have in the morning?
E.Try your best to finish your work in the morning.
F.It takes 10 minutes that night and saves 3 hours the next day.
G.Here are the methods that I've found to get the most out of my morning.
【答案】 1-5 GDFAB