2018版高中英语(人教版)必修3同步练习题:Unit 1 Section Ⅱ 学业分层测评.doc

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2018版高中英语(人教版)必修3同步练习题:Unit 1 Section Ⅱ 学业分层测评.doc
1.Mr.Smith and I are good friends,but I don't share his________(religion) beliefs.
2.The enemy is trying to starve the soldiers_______________________death.
3.The building was named Ford Hall in memory________a man named James Ford.
4.He was dressed________as Father Christmas for the celebration of Christmas.
5.He has been searching for the tricks________learning English.
6.On his________(arrive),he was greatly welcomed by his fans.
7.When a boy leaves college and begins to earn money he can live a life of ________(independent).
8.At the beginning of the year,farmers usually have a lot of ________(agriculture)work to do.
9.The ________(custom)of some European countries are quite different from ours.
10.It gives the old man great pleasure to meet these ________(energy)young people.
【答案】 1.religious 2.to 3.of 4.up 5.of
6.arrival 7.independence 8.agricultural
9.customs 10.energetic
1.I have been looking forward to have a chance to pay a visit to Huangshan.
2.He was awarded the gold medal as being the fastest runner.
3.Great changes have been taken place in our hometown during the past ten years.
4.My father has much belief on doctors of traditional Chinese medicine.
5.We admired him to his courage.
【答案】 1.第二个have改为having 2.as改为for 3.去掉been 4.on改为in 5.to改为for
Thanksgiving Day
Thanksgiving Day is an important American holiday.According to tradition,the first American Thanksgiving Day was celebrated in 1621 in Plymouth,now in the state of Massachusetts.In 1863,during the American Civil War,President Abraham Lincoln named the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.Now it is a national holiday in America.
The holiday is usually connected with the Pilgrims.They were a group of people who wanted to escape from religious persecution in England.On September 16,1620,they got on board a ship named the Mayflower.The ship sailed from England and carried the Pilgrims across the ocean.The ocean was stormy.On many days,the passengers had to stay below in their cold,crowded quarters.Many people became sick and died.A baby was born during the trip.
On 21st November,after 66 days at sea,the Mayflower reached the continent.The Pilgrims began to settle down there.But their first winter in the new country was very difficult.However,the Indians gave them gifts and offered help.They taught the new settlers how to hunt and fish and plant their crops.
The next year there was an abundant harvest.People were so happy that they prepared a big feast in the fall of 1621.They invited their Indian friends as guests.For three days running the Pilgrims and Indians feasted together around outdoor tables piled high with food.This was considered to be the first Thanksgiving Day in America.
Now,Thanksgiving Day is observed as a national holiday in America on the fourth Thursday in November every year.Besides Americans,people in Canada and some other countries also celebrate Thanksgiving Day.
1.Thanksgiving Day________.
A.has long been a popular holiday in the West
B.has long been a popular holiday for the Americans
C.became traditional in America in the 16th century
D.is celebrated in the last month of year
【解析】 第一段说明感恩节历史悠久,而且是美国的全国假日,故B选项正确。
【答案】 B
2.According to the passage,which of the following is NOT true?
A.The Pilgrims started their sailing from England.
B.The Pilgrims got on board a ship named the Mayflower.
C.The Mayflower reached the continent within two months.
D.The Mayflower arrived at Plymouth.
【解析】 第三段第一句话说“五月花”号在海上航行了66天到达北美洲。
【答案】 C
3.Which of the following is NOT the description of the Pilgrims' first winter in the new country?
A.Their first winter there was very difficult.
B.The Indians gave them gifts and offered help.
C.The Indians taught them how to hunt and fish and plant their crops.
D.They celebrated the first Thanksgiving Day in America.
【解析】 倒数第二段说那些新定居者在印第安人的帮助下在1621年秋天获得了丰收,举行了庆祝。而这是他们到达当地的第二年,故D选项错误。
【答案】 D
4.Today,Thanksgiving Day is________.
A.a national holiday in America
B.a day of family reunion
C.a popular holiday in the West
D.all of the above
【解析】 A、B、C三个选项都是关于感恩节的正确表述,所以选择D选项。
【答案】 D
Ⅳ.完形填空 【导学号:32222034】
April Fool's Day
April Fool's Day is a Western festival.No one__1__ exactly when and how April Fool's Day began.However,there are some stories about__2__it came into being.One story__3__like this: in the sixteenthcentury France, the start of the new year was on April first.It was celebrated__4__much the same way__5__it is today with parties and dancing into the late hours of the night.
Then in 1562, Pope (教皇) Gregory introduced a new calendar for the Christian world, and the new year fell on January first.There were some people,__6__, who hadn't heard or didn't believe the__7__in the date, so they__8__to celebrate New Year's Day on April first.
__9__played tricks on them and called them “April Fools”.They tried to make them believe that something false was__10__.In France today, April first is called“April Fish”.French children fool their friends by taping a paper fish to their friends'__11__.When the “young fool”__12__this trick, the prankster (恶作剧者) shouts “April Fish !”
Today Americans play small tricks on friends and strangers alike on the first of April.One__13__trick on April Fool's Day is__14__down to a friend's shoe and saying, “Your shoelace is untied.”School children might tell a classmate that school has been canceled (取消).__15__the trick is, if you fail for the joke the prankster shouts “April Fool!”
In Britain today,on the first of April, even__16__newspapers, radio and TV programs tell big lies.You__17__read a science__18__showing that doctors have found a way to cure (治愈) AIDS,__19__you would probably listen to a piece of news about a UFO__20__on an island.
【语篇解读】 本文是一篇说明文,文章对愚人节的起源作了简单介绍。在世界各地,人们用不同的方式来庆祝这个特殊的节日。
【解析】 由空格后的when and how可以看出使用know。没有人确切地知道愚人节的来历。
【答案】 B
【解析】 由后文的One story...可知此处是在讲述愚人节的来历,故用how表示此意。
【答案】 C
【解析】 story goes...为固定搭配,意为“据说……”。
【答案】 A
【解析】 介词in与后文的the same way构成搭配。in...way为固定搭配,表示“以……的方式”。
【答案】 D
【解析】 当初庆祝新年的方式与现在很像。由空格后的从句可确定应使用as引导从句。as意为“正如”。
【答案】 B
【解析】 由前后语意可知表转折。由空格前后的逗号可确定用however。
【答案】 A
【解析】 新年的时间由四月改为一月,这是时间的改变,故用change。
【答案】 C
C.considered D.went
【解析】 因为有的人没听说或不相信新年时间的改变,所以会继续(continue)在四月一日庆祝新年。
【答案】 B
【解析】 others与前文的some相对应,构成some...others...,意为“一些……另一些……”。
【答案】 A
【解析】 在愚人节的时候,人们试图让别人相信假的事情是真的。false的反义词为true。
【答案】 B
【解析】 由常识可知,只有把纸鱼贴到后背上,被捉弄的人才不容易被发现。
【答案】 C
【解析】 被捉弄的人后来会发现人们的把戏。discover意为“发现”,而find强调“找到”。
【答案】 A
【解析】 由后文可知,指着别人的鞋子说鞋带没系好是愚人节人们的普遍做法。usual意为“通常的”,而common可指“常见的,普遍的”。
【答案】 B
【解析】 人们捉弄别人的一种常见做法是指着别人的鞋子说鞋带没有系好。point“指着”。
【答案】 B
【解析】 前文就人们在愚人节时所做的事情进行了列举。该句表示“不论是些什么样的把戏”。whatever在句中充当表语。
【答案】 C
【解析】 由空格前的even及空格后的newspapers,radio and TV programs可知,即便是一些严肃的(serious)报纸、电台等也会在愚人节这天撒弥天大谎。
【答案】 A
【解析】 后文举例说明愚人节时报纸、电台可能做的事情,语气并不十分肯定,故用might。
【答案】 A
【解析】 science report指“科学报告”。
【答案】 D
【解析】 空格前后为一些严肃的报纸、电台等在愚人节可能做的事情。人们可能会这样做,也可能会那样做,or表示选择。
【答案】 C
【解析】 由UFO及空格后的介词on可知此处表示“UFO在一个岛上着陆”。land on在……着陆。
【答案】 D