2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 北京卷.docx

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2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 北京卷.docx

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
第一部分:听力理解(共三节:30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话,每段对话有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,听完每段对话后, 你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。
例: What is the man going to rend? A. A newspaper
B. A magazine
C. A book
答案是 A
1. What room does the man want?
A. SimpleB. DoubleC. Twin
2. What will the man buy?
A. VegetableB. MeatC. Bread
3. What does the man plan to do?
A. Go fishingB. Go joggingC. Go camping
4. How much is the change?
A. $8B. $ 42C. $50
5. What’s the weather like this afternoon?
第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分)
听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。 听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独
听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。
6. When will the woman go to see the movie? A. Friday.B. SaturdayC. Sunday
7. Where will the woman sit for the movie?
A. In the front.B. In the middleC. At the back
听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。
8. When will the two speakers meet?
A. On the 13thB. On the 14thC. On the 15th
9. What is the man doing?
A. Persuading the woman to accept his suggestion.
B. Making an apology to the woman. C. Inviting the woman to lunch.
听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。
10. Where are the two speakers?
A. In the library.B. In the café.C. In the classroom
11. What does the woman like about the summer school? A. The size of the class.
B. The math book. C. The teachers.
12. Where is the man planning to do?
A. BostonB. Washington D.C.C. New York
听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。
13. Where does the speaker get information for the trip? A. The internet.B. Travel agents.C. Guidebooks.
14. What public transportation does the speaker seldom take? A. Planes.B. Buses.C. Trains.
15. What kind of hotels does the speaker usually stay in? A. Hotels with low prices.
B. Hotels providing meals.
C. Hotels near sightseeing places.

第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分)
听下面一段对话,完成第 16 至 20 五道小题,每小题仅填写一个词,听对话前,你将有 20 秒钟的时间阅读试 题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。
Customer Pick-up/Delivery Form
Pick-up △Delivery▲
Name 16 Smith
AddressApartment No. 23, No.2 Front 17
Telephone No. 18
Type& AmountOne 19_ pizza with mushrooms and extra cheese
Price& Payment£12.50, paid in _20
第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
从每题所给的 ABCD 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. , we last met more than thirty years ago.
A. What’s moreB. That’s to say
C. In other wordsD. Believe it or not
答案是 D。
21. Volunteering gives you a chance lives, including your own.
A. changeB. changingC. changedD. to change
22. Don’t turn off the computer before closing all programs you could have problems
A. orB. andC. butD. so
23. Shakespeare’s play Hamlet into at least ten different films over the past years. A. had been madeB. was made
C. has been madeD. would be made
24. the course very difficult, she decided to move to a lower level.
A. FindB. FindingC. To findD. Found
25. --- Do you think Mom and Dad late?
--- No, Swiss Air is usually on time.
A. wereB. will beC. would beD. have been
26. I have an appointment Dr. Smith, but I need to change it.
A. toB. offC. withD. from
27. Many countries are now setting up national parks animals and plants can be protected. A. whenB. whichC. whoseD. where
28. Hurry up! Mark and Carl us.
A. expectB. are expectingC. have expectedD. will expect
29. When we saw the road with snow, we decided to spend the holiday at home. A. blockB. to blockC. blockingD. blocked
30. I took my driving license with me on holiday, I wanted to hire a car.
A. in caseB. even ifC. ever sinceD. if only
31. makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer. A. ThatB. WhatC. WhoD. Which
32. --- So what is the procedure?
--- All the applicants before a final decision is made by the authority. A. interviewB. are interviewing
C. are interviewedD. are being interviewed
33. Experts believe people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. A. whyB. whereC. thatD. what
34. If we a table earlier, we couldn’t be standing here in a queue.
A. have bookedB. bookedC. bookD. had booked
35. --- You needn’t take an umbrella. It isn’t going to rain.
--- Well, I don’t know. It do.
A. mightB. needC. wouldD. should
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)
阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上讲该项 涂黑。
A Leap(跳跃)to Honor
Leaping on a narrow balance beam(平衡木) is not easy. But Lola Walter, a 13-year-old gymnast, is an expert at it.
To perfect her skills, Lola 36 for four hours a day, five days a week. At the state championships in March, she finished seventh out of 16 girls.
That’s especially impressive. 37 she is legally blind, born with a rare condition that causes her eyes to shift constantly. She often sees double and can’t _38 how far away things are.
When she was little, her mom 39 that even though she couldn’t see 40 , she was fearless. So her mom signed her up for gymnastics when she was three. She loved the 41 right away and gymnastics became her favorite.
Though learning gymnastics has been more 42 for her than for some of her tournaments, she has never
quit. She doesn’t let her _43 stop her from doing anything that she wants to.
She likes the determination it takes to do the sport. Her biggest 44_ is the balance beam. Because she has double vision, she often sees to beams. She must use her sense of touch to help her during her routine. Sometimes she even closes her eyes. “You have to 45_ your mind that it’ll take you where you want to go.” says Lola.
To be a top-level gymnast, one must be brave. The beam is probably the most 46 for anyone because it’s four inches wide. At the state competition, Lola didn’t fall 47 the beam. In fact, she got an 8.1 out of 10---- her highest score yet.
Lola doesn’t want to be 48 differently from the other girls on her team. At the competitions, the judges don’t know about her vision _49 _. She doesn’t tell them, because she doesn’t think they need to know. Her mom is amazed by her _50 attitude.
Lola never thinks about 51__. She is presently at level 7 while the highest is level 10 in gymnastics. Her
52 is to reach level 9. She says she wants to be a gymnastics coach to pass down what she’s learned to
other kids 53 she grew up.
Lola is 54 of all her hard work and success. She says it’s helped her overcome problems in her life
outside gymnastics, too. Her 55 for others is “just believe yourself”.
36. A. runsB. teachesC. trainsD. dances
37. A. sinceB. unlessC. afterD. though
38. A. tellB. guessC. assumeD. predict
39. A. suspectedB rememberedC. imaginedD. noticed
40. A. deeplyB. wellC. aheadD. closely
41. A. taskB. sportC. eventD. show
42. A. boringB. enjoyableC. differentD. unsatisfactory
43. A. talentB. qualityC. natureD. condition
44. A. doubtB. advantageC. challengeD. program
45. A. examineB. expressC. openD. trust
46. A. fearfulB. harmfulC. unfairD. inconvenient
47. A. toB. onC. offD. against
48. A. greetedB. treatedC. servedD. paid
49. A. painsB. stressesC. injuriesD. problems
50. A. positiveB. friendlyC. flexibleD. caution
51. A. defendingB. quittingC. winningD. bargaining
52. A. standardB. rangeC. viewD. goal
53. A. untilB. asC. whenD. before
54. A. proudB. tiredC. ashamedD. confident
55. A. planB. adviceC. rewardD. responsibility
第三部分:阅读理解 (共两节,20 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分)

阅读下列短文:从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,将正确的选项涂在答题卡上。
EP Portable Heater
We all know that the cost of heating our homes will continue to be a significant burden on the family budget. Now millions of people are saving on their heating bills with the EP Portable Heater. With over one million satisfied customers around the world, the new EP heats better and faster, saves more on heating bills, and runs almost silent.
The EP has no exposed heating parts that can cause a fire. The outside of EP only gets warm to the touch so that it will not burn children or pets.
The EP will not reduce oxygen in the room. With other heaters, you’ll notice that you get sleepy when the heat comes on because they are burning up oxygen.
The advanced EP also heats the room evenly, wall to wall and floor to ceiling. it comfortably covers an area up to 350 square feet. Other heaters heat rooms unevenly with most of the heat concentrated to the center of the room. And they only heat an area a few feet around the heater. With the EP, the temperature will not vary in any part of the room.
The EP comes with a 3-year warranty(保修) and a 60-day. no questions asked. Satisfaction guarantee. If you are not totally satisfied, return it to our expertise and your money will be given back to you.
Now, we have a special offer for 10 days, during which you can enjoy a half price discount and a free delivery. if you order that, we reserve the right to either accept or reject order requests at the discounted price.
Take action right now!
56. What is mainly discussed in paragraph 2?
A. the heat of the EPB. the safety of the EP
C. the appearance of the EPD. the material of the EP
57. From the passage, we can learn that the EP .
A. doesn’t burn up oxygenB. runs without any noise
C. makes people get sleepyD. is unsuitable for children and pets
58. The underlined word “evenly” in paragraph 4 probably means . A. continuouslyB. separately
C. quicklyD. equally
59. The main purpose of the passage is to . A. persuade people to buy the product
B. advise people to save on heating bills
C. report the new development of portable heaters
D. compare the difference of different heart brands
TaIL Spin
Two dolphins race around in a big pool in the Ocean Park. The smaller dolphin Grace, shown off a few of her tricks, turning around and waving hello to the crowd. The most amazing thing about her, however, is that she’s even swimming at all. She doesn’t have a tail.
Grace lost her tail as a baby when she got caught up in a fish trap.
When the dolphin arrived at the Ocean Park in December 2005, she

was fighting for her life. “Is she going to make it?” Her trainer, Abbey Stone, feared the worst. Grace did make it --- but her tail didn’t. She ended up losing her flukes and the lower part of her peduncle.
Over the past six years, she has learned to swim without her tail. Dolphins swim by moving their flukes and peduncle up and down. Grace taught herself to move another way---like a fish! She pushed herself forward through the water by moving her peduncles from side to side.
The movement put harmful pressure on Grace’s backbone. So a company offered to create a man-made tail for her. The tail had to be strong enough to stay on Grace as she swam but soft enough that it wouldn’t hurt her.
The first time Grace wore the artificial tail. She soon shook it off and let it sink in the bottom of the pool. Now, she is still learning to use the tail. Some days she wears it for an hour at a time, others not at all. “The tail isn’t
necessary for her to feel comfortable,” says Stone, “but it helps to keep that range of motion(动作) and build muscles(肌肉).”
Now, the dolphin is about to get an even happier ending. This month, Grace will star in Dolphin Tale, a film that focus on her rescue and recovery. Her progress has inspired more than just a new movie. Many people travel from near and far to meet her. Seeing Grace swim with her man-made tail gives people so much courage.
60. When Grace first arrived at the Ocean Park, her trainer worried about her .
A. physical buildB. potential ability
C. chance of survivalD. adaptation to the surroundings.
61. A man-made tail is created for Grace to _.
A. let her recover fasterB. make her comfortable
C. adjust her way of swimmingD. help her perform better tricks
62. The story of Grace inspires people to_ .
A. stick to their dreamsB. treat animals friendly
C. treasure what they haveD. face difficulties bravely
Does Fame Drive You Crazy?
Although being famous might sound like a dream come true, today’s star, feeling like zoo animals, face pressures that few of us can imagine. They are at the center of much of the world’s attention. Paparazzi (狗仔队) camp outside their homes, cameras ready. Tabloids (小报) publish thrilling stories about their personal lives. Just
imagine not being able to do anything without being photographed or interrupted for a signature.
According to psychologist Christina Villareal, celebrities — famous people — worry constantly about their public appearance. Eventually, they start to lose track of who they really are, seeing themselves the way their fans imagine them, not as the people they were before everyone knew their names. “Over time,” Villareal says, “they feel separated and alone.”
The phenomenon of tracking celebrities has been around for ages. In the 4th century B.C., painters followed
Alexander the Great into battle, hoping to picture his victories for his admirers. When Charles Dickens visited
America in the 19th century, his sold-out readings attracted thousands of fans, leading him to complain (抱怨)
about his lack of privacy. Tabloids of the 1920s and 1930s ran articles about film-stars in much the same way that modern tabloids and websites do.
Being a public figure today, however, is a lot more difficult than it used to be. Superstars cannot move about without worrying about photographers with modern cameras. When they say something silly or do something
ridiculous, there is always the Internet to spread the news in minutes and keep their “story” alive forever.
If fame is so troublesome, why aren’t all celebrities running away from it? The answer is there are still ways to deal with it. Some stars stay calm by surrounding themselves with trusted friends and family or by escaping to remote places away from big cities. They focus not on how famous they are but on what they love to do or whatever made them famous in the first place.
Sometimes a few celebrities can get a little justice. Still, even stars who enjoy full justice often complain about how hard their lives are. They are tired of being famous already.
63. It can be learned from the passage that stars today .
A. are often misunderstood by the public
B. can no longer have their privacy protected
C. spend too much on their public appearance
D. care little about how they have come into fame
64. What is the main idea of Paragraph 3?
A. Great heroes of the past were generally admired.
B. The problem faced by celebrities has a long history. C. Well-known actors are usually targets of tabloids.
D. Works of popular writers often have a lot of readers.
65. What makes it much harder to be a celebrity today?
A. Availability of modern media. B. Inadequate social recognition. C. Lack of favorable chances.
D. Huge population of fans.
66. What is the author’s attitude toward modern celebrity?
A. Sincere.B. Sceptical.C. Disapproving.D. Sympathetic.
People who multitask all the time may be the worst at doing two things at once, a new research suggests. The findings, based on performances and self-evaluation by about 275 college students, indicate that many
people multitask not out of a desire to increase productivity, but because they are easily distracted (分心) and
can’t focus on one activity. And “those people turn out to be the worst at handling different things,” said David
Sanbonmatsu, a psychologist at the University of Utah.
Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues gave the students a set of tests and asked them to report how often they multitasked, how good they thought they were at it, and how sensation-seeking (寻求刺激) or imperative (冲动)
they were. They then evaluated the participants’ multitasking ability with a tricky mental task that required the students to do simple mathematical calculations while remembering a set of letters.
Not surprisingly, the scientists said, most people thought they were better than average at multitasking, and those who thought they were better at it were more likely to report using a cellphone while driving or viewing multiple kinds of media at once. But those who frequently deal with many things at the same time were found to perform the worst at the actual multitasking test. They also were more likely to admit to sensation-seeking and impulsive behavior, which connects with how easily people get bored and distracted.
“People multitask not because it’s going to lead to greater productivity, but because they’re distractible, and they get sucked into things that are not as important.” Sanbonmatsu said.
Adam Gazzaley, a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not a member of the research group, said one limitation of the study was that it couldn’t find out whether people who start out less focusedtoward multitasking or whether people’s recognizing and understanding abilities change as a result of multitasking.
The findings do suggest, however, why the sensation-seeker who multitask the most may enjoy risky distracted driving. “People who are multitasking are generally less sensitive to risky situations.” said Paul Atchley, another researcher not in the group. “This may partly explain why people go in for these situations even though they’re dangerous.”
67. The research led by Sanbonmatsu indicates that people who multitask .
A. seek high productivity constantly
B. prefer handling different things when getting bored
C. are more focused when doing many things at a time
D. have the poorest results in doing various things at the same time
68. When Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues conducted their research, they .
A. assessed the multitasking ability of the students
B. evaluated the academic achievements of the students
C. analyzed the effects of the participants’ tricky mental tasks
D. measured the changes of the students’ understanding ability
69. According to Sanbonmatsu, people multitask because of their _.
A. limited power in calculation
B. interests in doing things differently C. inability to concentrate on one task D. impulsive desire to try new things
70. From the last paragraph, we can learn that multitaskers usually .
A. drive very skillfully
B. go in for different tasks
C. fail to react quickly to potential dangers
D. refuse to explain the reasons for their behavior
第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分。共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Until relatively recently, the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city. The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago. 71_ . In fact, nearly everyone lived on farms or in
tiny rural (乡村的) villages. It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society in
history--- a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living.
Britain was only the beginning. 72_ .The process of urbanization--- the migration (迁移) of people from the countryside to the city--- was the result of modernization, which has rapidly transformed how people live and
where they live.
In 1990, fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas. Today, over 82% of Americans live in cities. Only about 2% live on farms. 73 .
Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized. Even in advanced agricultural societies. It took about ninety-five people on farms to feed five people in cities. _74 . Until modern times, those living in
cities were mainly the ruling elite(精英) and