2018版高中英语(人教版)必修4同步练习题:Unit 3 单元综合测评3.doc

清新雅致| 2023-03-19| 59次下载| 16页| 146.876KB| 5分
2018版高中英语(人教版)必修4同步练习题:Unit 3 单元综合测评3.doc
In 1905,as part of his Special Theory of Relativity,Albert Einstein published the point that a large amount of energy could be released from a small amount of matter.This was expressed by equation E = me 2(energy = mass times the speed of light squared).But bombs were not what Einstein had in mind when he published this equation(等式).
In 1929,he publicly declared that if a war broke out,he would “refused to do war service,direct or indirect...”His position would change in 1933,as the result of Adolf Hitler's coming into power in Germany.
Einstein's greatest role in the invention of the atomic bomb was signing a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt urging that the bomb be built because some physicists feared that Germany might be working on an atomic bomb.Among those concerned were physicists Leo Szilard and Eugene Wigner.But Szilard and Wigner had no influence with those in power.So in July 1939 they explained the problem to someone who did: Albert Einstein.After talking with Einstein,in August 1939 Szilard wrote a letter to President Roosevelt with Einstein's signature on it,which was delivered to Roosevelt in October 1939.
Germany has invaded Poland the previous month; the time was ripe for action.That October research of abomb began but proceeded slowly because the invention of the atomic bomb seemed distant and unlikely.In April 1940 an Einstein letter,ghostwritten by Szilard,pressed the researchers on the need for “greater speed”.
As the realization of nuclear weapons grew near,Einstein looked beyond the current war to future problems that such weapons could bring.He wrote to his friend about his fear about the future use of the abomb.
The atomic bombings of Japan occurred three months after Germany gave in.
In November 1954,five months before his death,Einstein summarized his feelings about his role in the creation of the atomic bomb: “I made one great mistake in my life... when I signed a letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification—the danger that the Germans would make them”.
1.Einstein realized his mistake of________.
A.cooperating with his workmates
B.inventing the atomic bomb
C.publishing his equation
D.signing the letter to President Roosevelt
【解析】 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“I made one great mistake in my life... when I signed a letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made...”可知,当亲自给罗斯福总统写那封信时,爱因斯坦意识到自己犯了错误。故选D。
【答案】 D
2.We can conclude that Einstein________.
A.was important in the development of atomic bomb
B.was not involved in the invention of atomic bomb
C.directly participated in the invention of the atomic bomb
D.helped with the invention of atomic bomb
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“Einstein's greatest role in the invention of the atomic bomb was signing a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt urging that the bomb be built...”可得知,对于原子弹的研发,爱因斯坦起着重要作用。故选A。
【答案】 A
3.The best title for the passage would be________.
A.A Story of Albert Einstein
B.Albert Einstein and the Atomic Bomb
C.It was Unfair for Einstein
D.How the Atomic Bomb was Invented
【解析】 主旨大意题。根据全文内容可判断出,本文主要讲述的是爱因斯坦对原子弹的研发的影响,所以B项“爱因斯坦和原子弹”适合用作本文的标题。故选B。
【答案】 B
Alan worked in an office in the city.He worked very hard and really wanted to take a holiday.
He usually went to the seaside,but one day he saw an ad in a newspaper.“Enjoy country life.Spend a few weeks at Willow Farm.Good food,fresh air,horse riding,walking,fishing.Good prices.”
“This sounds like a good idea,”he thought.“I'll spend a month at Willow Farm.I'll enjoy horse riding,walking and fishing.They'll make a change from sitting by the seaside.”
Four days later he returned home.
“What's wrong with Willow Farm?”
His friend Jack asked him.“Didn't you enjoy country life?”
“Country life was fine,” Alan said,“but there was another problem.”
“Well, the first day I was there a sheep died,and we had roast mutton for dinner.”
“Fresh meat is the best.”
“I know,but on the second day a cow died,and we had roast beef for dinner.”
“Lucky you!”
“You don't understand,”Alan said.
“On the third day a pig died and we had roast pork for dinner.”
“A different roast every day,”Jack said.
“Let me finish,”Alan said,“on the fourth day the farmer died and I didn't dare to stay for dinner!”
【语篇解读】 本文主要讲了Alan在乡村度假的经历,第一天一只羊死了,他与村民们吃了烤羊肉,第二天一只牛死了,他与村民们吃了烤牛肉,第三天一头猪死了,他与村民们吃了烤猪肉,第四天农场主死了,Alan吓得回来了。
4.Alan usually spent his holiday ________.
A.by the seaside     B.in the country
C.in the mountainsD.on an island
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第二段的第一句“He usually went to the seaside”可知。
【答案】 A
5.Alan decided to spend his holiday at Willow Farm because ________.
A. he lived near there
B.he had a good friend there
C.he thought it would make a change from sitting by the seaside
D.he wanted to enjoy the fresh air in the country
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第三段的“They'll make a change from sitting by the seaside.”可知,因为他以前总是去海边度假,这次想改变度假的地方。
【答案】 C
6.How many days did he stay on the farm?
A.A few days.B.A week.
C.Three days.D.Four days.
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第四段“Four days later he returned home.”可知。
【答案】 D
7.What made Alan return so soon?
A. He fell ill.
B.The air there was not fresh.
C.The prices were too high.
D.He was afraid that they would have the dead man for dinner.
【解析】 细节理解题。根据他的描述可知在他度假的地方什么东西死了就吃什么,而第四天那个农场主死了,他很害怕吃那个农场主,所以就回来了。由此可知选D。
【答案】 D
Mr.Bean is an internationally recognized comedy character on TV and in films.He constantly gets into awkward and absurd situations,which greatly amuses audiences regardless of their nationalities or culture.The humour is always made clear through a series of simple and funny acts that rely purely on body language,which is universal.
One of my favourite shows is that Mr.Bean has a meal in a fancy restaurant.After being seated at his table,Mr.Bean takes out a card,writes a few words on it,seals(密封) it in an envelope and places it on the table.After a moment,he looks back at the envelope but this time he looks surprised,as if he did not know it was there.He opens it to find a birthday card and delightedly puts it on the table for everyone to see.
When he looks at the menu,an astonished look swiftly appears on his face.He takes all the money out of his wallet,counts it and puts it in a saucer(茶托).He then looks from the menu to the money with concern until he finds one thing that makes him smile.Then he orders a dish called “steak tartare”.When the dish arrives,he is shocked to discover that“steak tartare” is actually raw hamburger.He makes an attempt to eat it,but it is clear from the look on his face that he finds the taste truly disgusting.He cannot hide his feelings,except when the waiter asks if everything is all right.When this happens,he smiles and nods,indicating that everything is fine.When the waiter is not looking,however,he busies himself hiding the raw meat anywhere he can reach-the sugar bowl,the tiny flower vase,inside a bun (小圆面包) and under a plate.He becomes so desperate in the end that he even hides some inside the purse of a woman sitting near him and throws some down the trousers of the restaurant's violinist!
I like to watch Mr.Bean on TV,but I wouldn't like to meet someone like him in real life and I certainly wouldn't like to have dinner with him!
【语篇解读】 本文主要介绍了著名的幽默大师憨豆先生。
8.From the passage we know Mr.Bean is ________.
A. famous for directing films
B.famous for his spoken English
C.well known for making films
D.known for his body language and amusement in his comedies
【解析】 细节理解题。从第一段可以看出,憨豆先生以其喜剧里的身势语和搞笑出名,他不是制片人,也不是导演。
【答案】 D
9.Why is Mr.Bean famous all over the world?
A. He often eats in special restaurants.
B.He entertains the audience from different countries.
C.He only acts on TV.
D.He acts on body language and spoken language.
【解析】 细节理解题。根据文章第一段可排除C、D两项;根据文章第二、三段可排除A项,故选B项。
【答案】 B
10. What does the underlined word “disgusting” in the third paragraph mean?
A.Tasting delicious.B.Smelling good.
C.Feeling sick.D.Looking fine.
【解析】 词义猜测题。根据文章第三段倒数第二句“...he busies himself hiding the raw meat anywhere...”可看出他点的菜肴是非常糟糕的。feel sick“感到恶心的”。
【答案】 C
11.Which of the following is the best title of this passage?
A.Mr.Bean-a Top Humour Actor
B.Raw Hamburger Tastes Disgusting
C.Being Mannered in a Restaurant
D.How to Pretend to Like Something Boring
【解析】 主旨大意题。本文的主题是说明憨豆先生是一位著名的幽默大师。
【答案】 A
A new research has uncovered that culture is a determining factor when interpreting facial emotions (情感).The study reveals that in cultures where emotional control is the standard,such as Japan,focus is placed on the eyes to interpret emotions.Whereas in cultures where emotion is openly expressed,such as the United States,the focus is on the mouth to interpret emotions.
“These findings go against the popular theory that the facial expressions of basic emotions can be universally recognized,” said University of Alberta researcher Dr.Takahiko Masuda.“A person's culture plays a very strong role in determining how they will read emotions and needs to be considered when interpreting facial expression.”
These cultural differences are even noticeable in computer emotions (情感符号),which are used to convey a writer's emotions over email and text messaging.The Japanese emotions for happiness and sadness vary in terms of how the eyes are drawn,while,American emotions vary with the direction of the mouth.In the United States the emotions:) and:) show a happy face,whereas the emotions: (or : ( show a sad face.However,Japanese tend to use the symbol('—') to indicate a happy face,and(;—;) to indicate a sad face.
“We think it is quite interesting and appropriate that a culture tends to mask its emotions.The Japanese would focus on a person's eyes when determining emotion,as eyes tend to be quite subtle (微妙的),” said Masuda.“In the United States,where open emotion is quite common,it makes sense to focus on the mouth,which is the most expressive feature on a person's face.”
【语篇解读】 本文主要讲述了文化是理解面部表情的主要因素。
12.The text mainly tells us that ________.
A. cultural differences are expressed in emotions
B.culture is the key to interpreting facial emotions
C. different emotions are preferred in different cultures
D.people from different cultures express emotions differently
【解析】 主旨大意题。本文主要讲述了文化是理解面部表情的主要因素。根据第一段第一句即文章的主题句可得出答案。
【答案】 B
13.Which emotion is used by Americans to show a happy face?
A.(;_;)B.: )
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第三段“In the United States the emotions:)and:)show a happy face...”可知。
【答案】 B
14.If a Japanese wants to detect whether a smile is true or false,he will probably ________.
A.read the whole faceB.focus on the mouth
C.look into the eyesD.judge by the voice
【解析】 推理判断题。根据第一段第二句和最后一段第二句可知日本人主要通过眼神理解面部表情所表达的情感。
【答案】 C
15. People used to believe that ________.
A.some facial expressions of emotions were too complex to be recognized
B.people in the world interpreted basic emotions in different ways
C.people could only recognize the facial expressions of basic emotions
D.people all over the world understood basic emotions in the same way
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可推断出答案为D。
【答案】 D
Everyone knows that fish is good for health.__16__ But it seems that many people don't cook fish at home.Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year,but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home.Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn't difficult.__17__ This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way.
__18__ Fresh fish should smell sweet:you should feel that you're standing at the ocean's edge.Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn't fresh.__19__ When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you'd better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don't cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two.Frozen fish isn't as tasty as the fresh one.
There are many common methods used to cook fish.__20__ First, clean it and season it with your choice of spices (调料).Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about one pound.(A larger one will take more time.) Then,it's ready to serve.
A.Do not buy it.
B.The easiest is to steam it.
C.This is how you can do it.
D.It just requires a little knowledge.
E.The fish will go bad within hours.
F.When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G.The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.
【答案】 16-20 GDFAB
Ⅲ.完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 【导学号:10642044】
We were the only family with children in the restaurant.I sat Justin in a high chair and __21__ our meal.__22__,Justin screamed with delight,“ Hi there.”His eyes were wide with __23__ and his mouth was bared in a toothless laugh.
I looked around and saw the __24__ of his pleasure.It was a man in __25__.His shirt was dirty and his hair was unwashed.His __26__ waved and he said to Justin,“Hi,baby!” My husband and I exchanged __27__.We wondered what we could do.Justin continued to __28__ .Everyone in the __29__ looked at us and the man.Our meal came and the man began shouting from __30__ the room.My husband and I were __31__ and ate in silence.We finally got through the meal and headed for the door.“Lord,just let me out of here __32__ he speaks to me or Justin,”I __33__.
As I drew closer to the man,I turned my back trying to __34__ any air he might be breathing.As I did so,Justin reached with both arms in a baby's “pickmeup” __35__ .Before I could stop him,Justin had propelled (推动) himself from my arms to the man's.A very old smelly man and a baby had __36__ their love relationship.Justin in an act of total trust and love,laid his tiny head upon the man's ragged __37__.The man's eyes closed,and I saw his aged hands so __38__ cradled (抱着) my baby's bottom.
After a moment,the old man gave Justin to me,“God bless you,Madam.You've given me my Christmas gift.”On our way home,my husband asked why I looked so deeply __39__.I told him I had just witnessed the pure love shown through a tiny child who made no __40__.A child saw a soul,and a mother saw a suit of clothes.
【语篇解读】 在生活中,大人们往往习惯于以貌取人。但在孩子的眼里,他们看到的却是善良的灵魂。
【解析】 因为在餐厅里就餐,在安顿好孩子后,首先要做的事就是“点餐”。根据后文内容可知,他们并没有太享受这顿饭,因此不选enjoy。
【答案】 D
【解析】 作者一家人刚刚走进餐厅,并没有遇见熟人。因此对于孩子的尖叫,作者感到很突然。
【答案】 B
【解析】 根据上文“screamed with delight”的信息可知,孩子睁大眼睛,咧着还没长牙的嘴巴,非常兴奋。
【答案】 C
【解析】 作者环顾四周才找到孩子之所以这么兴奋的根源。
【答案】 A
【解析】 根据语境中“His shirt was dirty and his hair was unwashed.”以及下文smelly可知,这个老人很脏,而且发出臭味,因此可知他衣衫褴褛。
【答案】 D
【解析】 根据语境以及下文提到老人“shouting from the room”的信息可知,作者一家人的桌子和老人离得较远,因此老人挥动着双手来逗这个孩子。
【答案】 C
【解析】 根据常识以及下文可知,作者和丈夫看到此情景,彼此交换了一下表情。
【答案】 B
【解析】 作者的孩子还在大笑。
【答案】 A
29. A.streetB.hotel
【解析】 故事发生在餐厅,孩子和老人的举动自然引起了其他就餐者的注意。
【答案】 D
【解析】 当饭菜上来后,老人开始在房间的另一边向Justin打招呼。across表示老人在房间的另一边叫喊。
【答案】 C
【解析】 根据语境可知,作者和丈夫都不喜欢这个老人的行为,但是又没办法阻止,因此感到很尴尬。
【答案】 B
【解析】 作者不想和老人说话,想在他开口前离开这里。
【答案】 B
【解析】 根据语境以及作者的思想活动“Lord,just let me out of here before he speaks to me or Justin...”可知,作者在祈祷,希望那个老人千万别再开口跟她或者她的孩子打招呼。
【答案】 D
【解析】 作者对这个老人很是反感,因此她侧着身子过去,不想沾染上老人呼吸过的空气。
【答案】 A
【解析】 孩子撑在她的怀里摆出了一个“抱抱我”的姿势,是为了让老人抱他。
【答案】 B
【解析】 一老一小拥抱在一起。他们之间建立了爱的联系。
【答案】 A
【解析】 Justin在老人的怀里,头靠在老人的肩上。
【答案】 C
【解析】 根据语境可知,老人温柔地抱着作者的孩子。
【答案】 C
【解析】 作者被老人和孩子的举动深深地触动了,因这件事而反思自己的行为。
【答案】 A
【解析】 作者认为自己目睹了最纯洁的爱:婴儿因为不会根据外部条件去判断,因此看到的是灵魂,而母亲看到的只是人的外表。
【答案】 D
The warm weather outside may look perfect for outdoor exercise.But for those who are not that sporty,41.________ could be nicer than having relaxing afternoon tea with a few good friends and taking 42.________ break?
But are you familiar with the culture of afternoon tea—its origins,what 43.________ (include),and the proper etiquette (礼仪)? We sum up a few things you need to know about this traditional English custom so that you can enjoy it 44.________ (much).
While the tradition of 45.________ (drink) tea dates back to about 3,000 BC in China,it was not until the mid17th century 46.________ the concept of “afternoon tea” first appeared in the UK.In 1840,Anna Maria Russell,the seventh Duchess of Bedford,started to ask for a tea tray 47.________ butter,bread and cakes at 4 pm every day,as she found she was hungry at this time every day and the evening meal in her household was served 48.______ (fashion) late at 8 pm.She found this new habit difficult 49.________ (break) and soon invited other ladies in society to join her.This pause for tea quickly became a popular social event.In the 1880s,women of upper class and society would put on gowns,50.________ (glove) and hats for their afternoon tea.
41.【解析】 特殊疑问句,表达“是什么……?”的意思,故填what。
【答案】 what
42.【解析】 take a break是固定搭配,有休息的意思,故填a。
【答案】 a
43.【解析】 此处的意思是被包含的东西,要用被动语态,故填is included。
【答案】 is included
44.【解析】 此处是说理解英国文化就能更好的去享受,因此必须用比较级,故填more。
【答案】 more
45.【解析】 此空前面是介词of,因此后面接动词要加ing,故填drinking。
【答案】 drinking
46.【解析】 此句是强调句型,it was...that...故填that。
【答案】 that
47.【解析】 此处表伴随,意为“伴有”,故填with。
【答案】 with
48.【解析】 副词修饰形容词,因此填fashionably。
【答案】 fashionably
49.【解析】 动词不定式作后置定语。故填to break。
【答案】 to break
50.【解析】 根据and hats可知glove要用复数,故填gloves。
【答案】 gloves
Friendship is very importance.Everyone needs friendship.In all your lives we can't live without friendship just as we can't live without air and water.Friendship makes us getting on well with one another to go ahead under different kinds of difficulties in front of us.But real friendship was not easy to come by.True friendship must be sincere and be based on understanding each other and not on benefits of each other.A good of friend can always be a good teacher to us.By his advices we are persuading to go the right way.However,the more friends we have,better we can improve ourselves.
Friendship is very eq \f(importance,important).Everyone needs friendship.In all eq \f(your,our) lives we can't live without friendship just as we can't live without air and water.Friendship makes us eq \f(getting,get) on well with one another to go ahead under different kinds of difficulties in front of us.But real friendship eq \f(was,is) not easy to come by.True friendship must be sincere and be based on understanding each other eq \f(and,but) not on benefits of each other.A good of friend can always be a good teacher to us.By his eq \f(advices,advice) we are eq \f(persuading,persuaded) to go the right way.eq \f(However,Therefore),the more friends we have,eq \o(\s\up7(∧),\s\do5(the)) better we ca